New Hall HMNS Dives into the Importance of Malacology Without Mollusks Life Would Cease to Exist

August 20, 2019

HOUSTON, TX—The Houston Museum of Natural Science is bringing back the George W. Strake Hall of Malacology with a splash. Just in time for National Beach Day on August 30, 2019, the hall returns freshly renovated with over 1,300 shell and marine life specimens and a heavy focus on ocean conservation.

Malacology is the study of mollusks — invertebrate creatures with soft, unsegmented bodies, many of which house themselves in shells. This fascinating and highly diverse group of animals includes more than 100,000 species, ranging in size from snails so small that we can barely see them to giant squids more than 60 feet long.

Shells are undeniably beautiful with cascading colors, various textures and complex patterns, but as HMNS malacology curator Tina Petway reminds us, “This is not just about pretty shells. This is about human’s reliance on the ocean’s resources.” The hall focuses on the habitats of mollusks and their places within the ocean’s ecosystem. Mollusks are a very important part of the marine environment. In fact, without mollusks, life might cease to exist. They serve as a food source for 80% of the world, and fishes’ predation of them is one of the primary bases of ocean life. The exhibit highlights this with a dive into the food and cultural uses of shells.

Ocean conservation is an important aspect of the hall. Protecting and preserving the environment where mollusks live is imperative for their continued survival. The hall features a video by local artist Erik Hagen titled, “The dinosaurs never saw that asteroid coming. What’s our excuse?” Based on data from Peter Clark of Oregon State University, the piece shows sea level rise from Galveston to the Woodlands through year 2550, given low and high estimates of future emissions. Guests see the water encroaching across downtown Houston and HMNS denuded of all buildings except for the partially transparent and almost ghostly skyscrapers evoking the current era. Beyond the collaboration with Hagen, the hall also outlines things that individuals can do to help preserve the marine environment.

Favorites from the previous iteration of the hall returns, accompanied by new and never-before-displayed specimens. The record breaking Australian Trumpet is displayed alongside a smaller, but still impressively large, albino morph of the species. Also returning from display in our Curator’s Choice exhibit is a large piece of partially polished black coral from the Philippines, which is accompanied by a completely natural specimen of black coral from Peru. Together, the two coral specimens demonstrate life on the reef, an ecosystem that is rapidly disappearing due to many factors such as rising global temperatures, infestations of coral-devouring star fish, chemical runoff from rivers and ocean acidification.  These are helped along by Mother Nature’s own hurricanes, cyclones and devastating storms that destroy coral reef habitats.

Among the 1,300 specimens included in the hall are incredibly rare shells, such as Cymatium armatum, a shell that Petway says, “if you asked malacologists for a list of their 10 most rare shells, this one would be on every list.” Another case will also be dedicated to 33 Tahitian south sea pearls and the shells that produce them. Thirteen different kinds of pearls will be included.

The malacology collection at the Houston Museum of Natural Science boasts a huge shell collection, totaling nearly 1.5 million specimens, the largest collection held by the museum. Its scientific significance is apparent as the collection is often used for research by local universities and Texas Parks & Wildlife. The George W. Strake Hall of Malacology opens on August 30, 2019 with the finest specimens from the museum’s collection and is included in the permanent exhibit hall admission. For ticket prices or more information visit our website at or call (713) 639-4629.

The George W. Strake Hall of Malacology is generously underwritten by Lillie and Roy Cullen Endowment Fund, Fox and Monica Benton Foundation, John P. McGovern Foundation, Barbara M. McClintock, Zadok Jewelers, The Lindley Family Foundation in honor of Karen Fritz, Debbie and Rick Roton, Moran Foundation Young Philanthropists, Houston Conchology Society and Lucy L. Clampit.


The Houston Museum of Natural Science

One of the nation's most heavily attended museums-is a centerpiece of the Houston Museum District. With four floors of permanent exhibit halls, and the Wortham Giant Screen Theatre, Cockrell Butterfly Center, Burke Baker Planetarium, and George Observatory, and as host to world-class and ever-changing touring exhibitions, the Museum has something to delight every age group. With such diverse and extraordinary offerings, a trip to the Houston Museum of Natural Science, located at 5555 Hermann Park Drive in the heart of the Museum District, is always an adventure.


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The mission of the Houston Museum of Natural Science shall be to preserve and advance the general knowledge of natural science; to enhance in individuals the knowledge of and delight in natural science and related subjects; and to maintain and promote a museum of the first class.

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